FORMATION OF EUROREGION „TATRY“
Partnership and co – operation idea between Polish and Slovak Tatra area was developed at local government conference in Zakopane in November 1991. Further discussion about this project continued on Slovak and Polish mayor’s municipality conference in may 1992 in Poprad. Talks regarding formal structure continued in following years. Euro region establishment started to be a interesting topic for journalists on both sides of border. Based on journalist’s initiative in year 1993 – 27th May in Poprad and 28th May in Nowy Targ met representatives of state administration and municipalities. Result of these appointments was Declaration of objectives, which suggested popularisation of Euro region idea in media.
Slovak interregional project was created in year 1990 in Poprad and introduced to Polish partners on 17. July in Kezmarok. Borders of future common Tatra region were presented. Slovak part of region Tatry should contain out of towns and villages from districts Dolny Kubin, Liptovsky Mikulas, Poprad, Stara Lubovna. Polish part of this region should contain out of gminas from former district Nowy Targ based on Orava region, Spis, Podhalie and Pieniny region. Was created working committee with dedicated target of regulation rules creation. Members of this committee were: Marian Blažkiewicz from Podhalansky union of districts in Nowy Targ, Wendelin Haber – mayor of Nižné Lapše district in Spiš, Maciej Krokowski – mayor of Zakopane, Zofia Pieczkowska from voivode office in Nowy Sacz, Július Lojek – mayor of Spišska Stara Ves and Ján Skupin – mayor of Kežmarok.
Conference with title “Together or separately” took place in Krakow 30 and 31st October 1993. Target of this conference was as well as other topics to define time frame of all activities connected with borderland of Slovak and Polish republic. Conclusion of this conference was to fulfil defined target - “Contract” signature of cross border union Euroregion Tatry creation in Nowy Targ. Unfortunately based on Ministry of Culture junior minister initiative as well as some other Slovak republic government offices was text of “Contract” changed into “Declaration”.
So happened that 31st October 1993 was in Zakopane signed Declaration of autonomous authorities of Polish and Slovak Republic about project of foundation cross border union of Euroregion Tatry. This document presented interests of local authorities concern on Euroregion Tatry foundation.
Agreement of crossborder cooperation between Polish and Slovak Republic was signed 18th August 1994 in Varsava. Both parties highly appreciated local authorities initiative for “coming closer” of neighbour nations as well as committed to “support cross border cooperation as way to increased economical improvement in both countries”. Contract between both governments was major cause, that several years of effort about creating of euro region could come true.
Signature of contract between local governments of Slovak and Polish republic took place on 26th August 1994 in Nowy Targ on established congress. Subject of this contract was foundation of crossborder union Euroregion Tatry. Eoregion Tatry in accordance of European countries integration process based on the European Frame Konvention about cross border cooperation from 11.5.1980 stated that will support “speed-up” of neighbours Slovak and Polish regions development. All activities will be run based on historical and actual relationships between these regions.
Contract signators – Slovak party
Ján Skupin – mayor of Kežmarok
František Závadský – vice-mayor of Starý Smokovec
Michal Šipoš – mayor of Stará Ľubovňa
Mikuláš Mýtnik – mayor of Kamienka
Julián Helka – mayor of Ružomberok
Július Medvedi – mayor of Liptovský Hrádok
Jozef Mažári - mayor Trstená
Ivan Šaško – mayor of Tvrdošín
Contract signators – Polish party
Czeslaw Borowicz – mayor of Nowy Targ
Jan Pyka – vice-mayor of Rabka
Józef Gacek – mayor of Ščavnica
in name of following districts:
gmina Biely Dunajec - Andrzej Majewski
Jan Kuruca - gmina Bukovina Tatranská
Kazimierz Dzielski - gmina Čierny Dunajec
Stanislaw Wojtaszek - gmina Čorštyn
Julian Stopka - gmina Jablonka
Bronislaw Bublik - gmina Kroščenko
Franciszek Adamczyk - gmina Lipnica Veľká
Wendelin Haber - gmina Lapše Nižné
Jan Smarduch - gmina Nowy Targ
Slawomir Olszewski - gmina Ochotnica Dolná
Marek Wierzba - gmina Raba Vyšná
Stanislaw Ślimak – gmina Šaflary
Franciszek Bachleda - Ksiedzularz - gmina Tatranská.
Dukedom court in Novy Sacz approved status of Euroregion Tatry 15.Dec. 1994 and put into list of unions.
Borders of Euroregion were settled based on administrative regions dividing. Polish part of Euoregion consists of 25 districts (gmins) from Malopolish dukedom: Nowy Targ, Zakopane, Szczawnica, Limanowa; towns and districts (gmins) Muszyna, Piwniczna; districts Krościenko n. Dunajcem, Lapsze Nižne, Raba Wyźna, Nowy Targ, Lipnica Wielka, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Ochotnica Dolna, Czarny Dunajec, Szaflary, Czorsztyn, Poronin, Kościelisko, Uście Gorlickie, Tymbark, Kamienica. This Euroregion part has app. 245 thousands inhabitants.
Slovak part of Euroregion consists out of 112 towns and villages from 11 districts: Námestovo, Dolný Kubín, Tvrdošín, Liptovský Mikuláš, Ružomberok, Poprad, Kežmarok, Stará Ľubovňa, Spišská Nová Ves, Sabinov, Levoča. This Euroregion part has app. 340 thousands. Seats of Euroregion are towns Nowy Targ (Poland) and Kežmarok (Slovakia).
Euroregion “Tatry” area has size of 11 000 km2 and app 900 000 inhabitants. Geographically Euroregion tatry is spread over Slovak-Polish Tatry region and area of Oravska Magura, Orava valley, Nowy Targ valley, Liptov valley, Poprad valley, Pieniny area, Gorce, Choč mountains, partly area of Beskydy Žywiecke and Sadecké mountains, Mala and Velka Fatra mountains, Stratenske mountains and Levoča mountains. Euroregion Tatry consists out of regions that have high level of culture and historical traditions preservations as are following - Orava, Liptov, Spiš and Podhalie. Five national parks are situated in this area - Tatranský, Pieninský, Babiohorský, Gorczanský and Slovenský raj national park as well as many protected nature zones and areas.
Administration of euroregion is managed based on following rules: partnership and equality of both parties, keeping of national, state, local and regional membership, total voluntary of cooperation etc. Leading of euroregion is common for both parties and authorities of EUT are:
- Board of members
- Revision committee
- Offices directors
- Working committees
Congress is the highest authority of EUT union and consists out of 70 delegates. 35 from each party. Delegates are being elected by members of EUT separately on both parties. Congress is being held minimum one time per year. Congress is solving different issues based on consensus of both parties with presence of minimum 50% delegates from both parties.
Board of members is the highest executive authority. Consists out of 14 members, 7 from each party. These members are being elected by congress for two years period. Board of members is leaded by chairman. Chairman is being elected by council in anonymous elections. This position is being elected for two years period.
Revision committee is supervisory authority that is being elected by congress. This committee consists out of 6 members (3 out of every party). These members are being elected for two years.
Offices directors are executive authorities of board of members – one from Polish and one from Slovak party.
Working committees are appointed as following:
- Economical committee
- Environmental committee
- Culture committee
- Informational committee
- Committee of sport and youth
- Committee of tourism
Financing of Euroregion is separate on Polish as well on Slovak part. Finance sources are: registration fee, member’s fees, voluntary donation of cities and villages, sponsoring and misc.
During existence of Euroregion Tatry achieved plenty of successes as organiser or member of following culture and sport regular events – Euroregion without borderline, Days of Slovak culture in Poland, Days of Polish culture in Slovakia, Festival of shepherds of upper Orava region, Festival of borderland culture Spis bonfire, Table tennis tournament – Euroregion Cup, Slovak-Polish economical forum, Slovak-Polish environmental forum, Forum of Euroregion Tatry cities, Mirror shaped project of Slovak and Polish meeting points houses building in Nowy Targ and in Kezmarok.
Formation of "REGION TATRY"
Institutional frame work of cross border union existence with element of international law during years 1994-1996 did not allowed according to valid legislation registration of cross border union as Euroregion Tatry is on Slovak-Poland borderland. Ministry of home affairs held long consultation and advices till on Slovak part was approved following concept:
1. in the terms of Civil Code, § 20 creation Community legal entities interests under name “Region Tatry” as independent legal subject.
2. to request registration of this union on relevant Regional authority (regional office Poprad)
3. Request for registration filled up with relevant registration docs i.a. Signed statement (record) from establishment convention from date 17. November 1995 and Statute.
All these steps were done in years 1995 – 1996. 23rd July 1996 was Region Tatry registered on Regional authority in Poprad as Community of legal entities interests with subject of ployment to create convenient cooperation conditions for development of borderland regions between Slovak and Poland. Main target of this cooperation is to increase economic, culture development and in meantime to assure country protection as well as providing correct information flow in area of local authorities.